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Diabetes does not have a cure, but it is treatable. With the proper treatment plan, you can reduce or even prevent the complications related to diabetes. Common treatments for diabetes include insulin injections, oral medications, diet and exercise. Work closely with your healthcare team to create the best treatment plan for you.

Over time, hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) can cause health problems. Diabetes has been linked to: 1

  • Heart disease
  • Heart attacks
  • Strokes
  • Kidney disease
  • Nerve damage
  • Digestive problems
  • Eye disease
  • Tooth and gum problems

You can help prevent health problems by keeping your blood glucose levels on target through regular monitoring.2

Choosing foods wisely and stay physically active are the first step. If you can’t reach your target blood glucose levels with diet and physical activity, your healthcare professional may prescribe diabetes medication. The medicine type will depend on your type of diabetes, your schedule and your other health conditions.

1National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse. Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke. Available at Accessed on November 11, 2008.
2 Endocrine Today. Use of SMBG results is needed for successful outcomes. Available at: Accessed on November 13, 2008.

Oral Medications

Many people with type 2 diabetes still produce some insulin, but their body either does not make enough or does not use it as effectively as it should.

Often, healthcare professionals start people with diabetes on a therapy of diet and exercise. If these are not enough, the healthcare professional may prescribe oral medications. If medication still does help control blood glucose levels, insulin may be added to a person’s therapy.

Today’s oral drugs offer more options for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Because various medications work in different ways, healthcare professionals may be able to add drugs together for better results. Check your blood glucose level often as this will tell you whether your oral medication is working.

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Hypoglycemia and Exercise
Physical activity or exercising for a prolonged period can lower blood glucose, but there are several measures you can take to treat it.

Learn more »

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